Being the cultural center of the country, Asuncion promises a significant number of museums and worth a visit sightseeing spots. Most of the exhibitions are related to local art, and of course history of Paraguay and Guarani people, the indigenous residents of Paraguayan lands.
National Museum of Arts is the most popular and visited around the capital. It was founded in 1887. It has several valuable collections of canvases dated back to the colonial period and those of the 19th century introduced by Paraguayan artists. Obviously, Spanish conquistadors had a significant impact on the development of fine arts in Paraguay, which resulted in unique exhibitions that invested in appearance of National Museum. Museo del Barro or the Center of Visual Arts features the best masterworks of contemporary art in Paraguay. Paraguayan Folk Art museum can boast of a great collection of traditional textiles and handicrafts.
The other points of attraction in Asuncion are metropolitan cathedrals. It is Latin America, and merely every capital has numerous catholic churches and cathedrals, which, besides perming religious functions, also appear to be nice sightseeing spots. In Asuncion the most important are Catedral Metropolitana de Asunción (Catedral de Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion, 1687-1845), Oratorio de La Virgen de Asuncion at the National Pantheon (19th centyr), Les de la Recoleta (1829), the Oratory of San Jeronimo, the Church de la Encarnación (1842-1851), Iglesia de Trinidad, or Iglesia Santísima Trinidad (19th century), an unusual church in a tent Vicar-Kastrense (20th century), as well as a modest church Iglesia de la Merced (1953) and the Iglesia de San Francisco de Asis (19th century). Local churches are quite modest on the outside and almost have no external decoration, but their interiors are traditionally elegant.
All in all, the architect image of the city is pretty alike to those cities founded during Spaniards’ conquest in South America. Numerous buildings still have the same facades and interiors. One of the most important places in the city is the Place de la Constitucion. Around the square there is a considerable amount buildings of 17 – 19th centuries. The National Congress built of white limestone and is a graceful building of the XVI century. Despite the old days, the National Congress is still in force and in excellent condition; it continues to serve as a museum for tourists from around the world. This powerful and monumental building has never been subjected to external changes, and therefore listed as a heritage site.
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